Our collaborator HealtingIn this article, he talks about the anatomical components and the predisposition that runners or triathletes have to suffer this injury.
We are sure that on more than one occasion you have heard that someone you know who performs training related to the race has suffered a Achilles tendonitis or a Plantar fasciitiswhich are tedious injuries in your recovery in addition to quite painful on a daily basis and of course in sports practice.
In today's article we are not going to talk about injuries in depth, but in all their anatomical components and why there seems to be a predisposition to sooner or later this injury occurs in runners or triathletes.
The first thing we must understand is that the foot has been evolving over thousands of years for the purpose of standing and locomotion, generating what is known as Plantar Calcaneal Achilles System. This system is made up of different bones, muscles, tendons and other anatomical parts where three main pillars stand out:
- El Achilles tendon, in charge of transmitting the power to the musculature of the triceps surae (twins and soleus).
- La tuberosity posterior inferior calcaneus bone (heel).
- La Plantar fasciaFlat, triangular-shaped fibrous structure found on the sole of the foot, as well as the flexor and abductor muscles of the big toe.
All these parts of the body work together during the great effort involved in normal running, said effort is notoriously increased during the race and the jump where there is a greater predominance of unilateral supports.
From a biomechanical point of view, this system consists of two vectors, one vertical and the other horizontal, which correspond respectively to the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. This particularity associated with a repetitive and high intensity exercise gives rise on a large number of occasions to the occurrence of shortening of muscle chains, thereby causing various clinical pictures of different tissues subjected to higher than normal physical stress.
It is important to note that we should not just focus on the foot and we should look up to see the hamstrings and the thoracolumbar spine that may also have suffered from synergy.
In addition to the aforementioned, we must include the Windlass mechanism, which is the mechanism by which the internal arch of the foot is raised by dorsal flexion of the big toe that tightens the plantar fascia and causes a blockage in the ankle joint, preparing in this way to the foot for the propulsion that takes off and last contact with the ground.
Because of all this, the other phases of training in addition to the race gain relevance, such as stretching, running technique and strength work to keep the body in a state of optimal efficiency and, of course, the preventive nature of physical therapy with its variety of treatment possibilities (massage, kinesitherapy, electrotherapy, etc.) that will increase sports performance and the ability to make the efforts to which the Aquilea Calcaneous Plantar System is subjected.
From the Healthing medical center we recommend you carry out your training with a more multidisciplinary approach, if you have any questions do not hesitate to contact us through our website https://healthing.es