Vitamin D in food

Vitamin D is one of the most important substances for the health of the human body.

In addition to being necessary so as not to alter the proper functioning of the body, a vitamin D deficiency can lead to the appearance of certain diseases, such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis or rickets in children.

If you still don't know how much vitamin D is in food or why it is so important to have good levels of vitamin D, we encourage you to learn more about this essential compound for life.

What is vitamin D

Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for human health. Its importance is due to the fact that it allows the body to absorb calcium from the intestines, a necessary component for good bone health and strong bones and teeth.

Calcium and vitamin D will help prevent the disease of osteoporosis, with which the bones become weaker and prone to fractures.

Vitamin D or calciferol will also prevent rickets, present in babies and in childhood.

What is vitamin D needed for?

Vitamin D will not only help prevent diseases related to calcium malabsorption (osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia), but it will also help to properly develop other important functions:

  • Regulates calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood
  • Promotes the intestinal absorption of phosphorus and calcium from food
  • Helps the reabsorption of calcium at the kidney level
  • Intervenes in the development of the skeleton helping bone formation and mineralization
  • Contributes to the proper functioning of the immune system
  • It is responsible for the anti-aging action.

How it affects with age

Various studies warn of the dangers of lack of vitamin D at certain ages, such as during childhood.

Un vitamin D deficiency in children it is associated with rickets during the growth stage due to lack of mineralization of bone and cartilage.

Experts also warn of the danger of suffering vitamin D deficiency in women of childbearing age (15-50 years), finding that the skin phototype with darker pigmentation is associated in our population with hypovitaminosis D, followed by the fact that no woman reaches the recommended consumption values ​​and almost half have low calcium intakes.

These studies corroborate that low concentrations of vitamin D are associated with a high risk of suffering from chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, breast, prostate and colon cancer, some autoimmune diseases, and osteomalacia in adults.

How to consume vitamin D

El sun and vitamin D They are closely related because our body produces vitamin D from direct exposure to the sun in open spaces.

Between 10 and 15 minutes three times a week are more than enough to cover the basic needs that our body has for this vitamin, obtaining it naturally.

However, people who live in places with little sun are forced to resort to food and supplements.

Top Food Sources of Vitamin D

Vitamin D in food

HR main food sources where you can find vitamin D are:

  • Fatty fish (elver, herring, tuna, mackerel, salmon)
  • Cod liver oil
  • Meats and sausages
  • Dairy products and their derivatives
  • Eggs
  • Mushrooms

If we take into account the vitamin D content of foods, these are the ones that stand out the most:

 

 

µg Vitamin D / 100 g of food

 

grams food / standard ration

 

µg Vitamin D / serving

 

Cod liver oil

 

210

 

10

 

21

 

Elvers

 

110

 

75

 

82

 

Salted herring

 

40

 

50

 

20

 

Tuna

 

25

 

150

 

37

 

Canned tuna in water

 

25

 

80

 

20

 

Mackerel in oil

 

25

 

80

 

20

 

Tuna in oil

 

24,7

 

80

 

20

 

Bonito in oil

 

23,8

 

80

 

19

 

Herring

 

22,5

 

150

 

34

 

Conger

 

22

 

150

 

33

 

Tuna, bonito, mackerel (pickled)

 

20

 

80

 

16

 

Royal jelly

 

20

 

10

 

2

 

Smoked salmon

 

20

 

100

 

20

 

Prawns

 

18

 

175

 

31,5

 

Mackerel

 

16

 

150

 

24

 

Mackerel

 

16

 

150

 

24

 

Butternut

 

16

 

150

 

24

 

Anchovies canned in oil

 

11,8

 

30

 

3,5

 

Mustard

 

10

 

5

 

0,5

 

As for supplements, cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) is used as a supplement in the diet in which the amount of vitamin D is not sufficient.

How much vitamin D do I need

The amount of vitamin D (International Units or micrograms) that a person needs per day will depend on their age.

For a baby younger than 12 months, 10 mcg (400 IU) is recommended. From 1 year to 70, experts advise consuming 15 mcg (600 IU) per day.

Finally, for adults over 71 years of age, 20 mcg (800 IU) is more than enough to meet daily vitamin D needs.

Tips for a healthy diet

If you want to be in good health, you have to know that food is going to be essential. In addition to a good level of daily vitamin D, we recommend that you apply these useful tips to have a healthy diet:

  • Eat lots of fruit and vegetables
  • Cook your own food
  • Stay active
  • Add more protein to your diet
  • Drink at least 1,5 liters of water per day
  • Limit oil, salt, and sugar
  • Eat rich and varied
  • Sports practice
  • Sleep at least 7 hours a day

Now that you know what foods are rich in vitamin D, why it is so important to consume it, and what is the recommended amount depending on age, among other points of interest, we recommend that you take into account our advice about this essential nutrient.

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